India’s Energy Consumption Report: Rising Demand for LPG and Petrol, Decline in Kerosene Usage

The report presents data on the consumption of petroleum products in India from 2012-13 to 2021-22. It includes various products such as LPG, petrol, naphtha, kerosene, aviation turbine fuel, high-speed diesel oil, and light diesel oil.

The analysis of the data reveals some key trends and observations:

  1. LPG consumption has shown a consistent increase over the years, indicating a rise in demand for cooking gas in India. The consumption has nearly doubled from 15.60 million tonnes in 2012-13 to 28.33 million tonnes in 2021-22.
  2. Petrol consumption has also shown a steady rise, albeit with some fluctuations. It increased from 15.32 million tonnes in 2012-13 to 27.75 million tonnes in 2021-22, suggesting a growing demand for personal transportation and increased vehicle usage in the country.
  3. Kerosene consumption has declined significantly over the years, reflecting the government’s efforts to promote cleaner and more efficient cooking fuel alternatives, such as LPG, in rural areas. Kerosene consumption dropped from 6.84 million tonnes in 2012-13 to just 0.48 million tonnes in 2021-22.
  4. Diesel consumption has shown a moderate increase, indicating its continued importance as a fuel for commercial transportation and industrial sectors. High-speed diesel oil consumption increased from 65.47 million tonnes in 2012-13 to 82.58 million tonnes in 2021-22.
  5. Other products like naphtha, aviation turbine fuel, and light diesel oil have shown varying trends over the years, influenced by factors such as economic growth, transportation patterns, and policy interventions.

The data indicates that LPG and petrol consumption has shown a consistent upward trend, reflecting increased demand for cooking gas and personal transportation in India. The decline in kerosene consumption suggests the success of government initiatives in promoting cleaner cooking fuel alternatives. Diesel consumption has also increased, indicating its continued importance in commercial transportation and industrial sectors.

Policy interventions and efforts towards cleaner and more sustainable energy sources are evident in the data, with a shift towards LPG and petrol consumption and a decline in kerosene usage. This underscores the need for continued efforts to promote renewable energy sources, improve energy efficiency, and reduce environmental impacts associated with petroleum product consumption in India.