Cropland Fragmentation in India Assessed Using Gini Index of Land Concentration

EnviStats India has released its latest report as part of the Explainer Series on Croplands, focusing on the measurement of cropland fragmentation using the Gini Index of Land Concentration. The study utilized data from the Agriculture Census conducted during the years 2005-06, 2010-11, and 2015-16 to assess the status of cropland fragmentation at both the state and national levels in India.

To compute the Gini Index, EnviStats India followed a series of steps outlined in the report. These steps involved analyzing state-wise data on the average size and number of operational holdings obtained from the Agriculture Census website ( Various calculations were performed, including determining the total number of holdings and the total operated area. Cumulative fractions of holdings and area were also computed, leading to the calculation of scores and an aggregate score. Finally, the Gini Index of land concentration was obtained by subtracting the aggregate score from 1.

The report presents the Gini Index estimates for the years 2005-06, 2010-11, and 2015-16 at the state/union territory and national levels. The data reveals variations in cropland fragmentation across different regions. Some states, such as Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, and Odisha, experienced relatively low fragmentation, while others like Goa, Haryana, and Rajasthan showed higher levels of concentration.

The findings of the study highlight the importance of addressing cropland fragmentation to ensure equitable distribution of agricultural resources. The report emphasizes the need for further analysis at the district level, which can be conducted using district-level data available from the Agriculture Census.

EnviStats India’s research on cropland fragmentation provides valuable insights for policymakers, researchers, and stakeholders in the agricultural sector. By understanding the dynamics of land concentration, efforts can be made to develop strategies that promote sustainable and inclusive agricultural practices in India.