Belgium Real GDP Growth Steady Despite Challenges

Belgium’s economic indicators for the third quarter of 2023 reflect resilience despite challenges. The real GDP growth forecast for 2023 is 1.1%, following a positive trajectory from -2.3% in 2020. Consumption, both private and public, has rebounded, contributing significantly to the positive outlook.

Labor Market and Employment

The labor market is showing signs of improvement. Total employment is expected to rise, and the unemployment rate is projected to decline. Harmonized unemployment rates for both the Euro area and EU-27 are also anticipated to decrease, indicating positive trends across the continent.

Government Balances and Current Account

Belgium’s general government balance remains stable, with a primary surplus. The overall balance is expected to improve, contributing to economic resilience. The current account maintains a positive trend, showcasing the nation’s robust economic position compared to peers in the Euro area and EU-27.

Inflation and Consumer Prices

Consumer prices have seen moderate increases. The Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) for Belgium and the Euro area is expected to rise, influenced by factors such as energy costs and unprocessed food. However, underlying trends in inflation indicate a controlled environment.

Business and Consumer Confidence

Business and consumer confidence play pivotal roles. Belgium’s business survey reveals positive expectations, especially in manufacturing, building, and trade. Meanwhile, the consumer confidence index remains robust, reflecting optimism in the general economic situation.


Belgium’s economic indicators suggest a promising outlook for the remainder of 2023. Despite global challenges, the nation’s GDP growth, improving labor market conditions, and positive balances contribute to its economic resilience. Continued monitoring of key indicators will be crucial for adapting to evolving economic conditions.